vendredi 8 novembre 2013

“You've all been engaged in debate based on Dharmakirti's 'Commentary on Epistemology' (Pramanavarttika), What did you learn from each other?” (suite du billet précédent)

Some people have criticized me, calling me a 'male chauvinist', because I am not exercising my alleged authority. But I cannot decide this on my own. However, what I can do is to encourage nuns to study the classic texts. Biologically there is no difference between the brains of men and women and the Buddha clearly gave equal rights to men and women. In tantra women are accorded special respect. And yet when it comes to Vinaya we have to follow tradition.”


Nuns debating during the Great Winter Debate at Dolma Ling Nunnery in Dharamsala, India on November 2, 2013. Photo/Philippa Russell/TNP
His Holiness reiterated that nuns have an equal right to study, which is why almost 40 years ago he encouraged nuns to embark on the study of philosophy. They began at Geden Chöling and this has since become the norm in other nunneries.

I have witnessed nuns debating,” he said, “and they do very well. We have finally decided on holding Geshe-ma exams for nuns, which is a proper conclusion of their years of study. When we first discussed a Geshe-ma degree, some scholars expressed surprise, but we persisted. This is about education and the gaining of knowledge. LIRE LA SUITE..READ MORE...



“In the past, masters like Gyen Pema Gyaltsen studied for 30 or 40 years before taking their Geshe exams. These days it generally takes about 20 years. I made a request that nuns be able to study the philosophical texts, you have done it and I'd like to thank you.”

He clarified that the Buddha's teaching comprises realization as well as knowledge, so it is important to follow a course of practice as well as a course of study. This is how the Dharma is preserved. Study is necessary to achieve understanding and practice is necessary to achieve realization. Practice can only take place on the basis of understanding. His Holiness talked about people he has met who said they were Buddhists, who said that to be a Buddhist you have to take refuge in the Buddha, but who could not say what the Buddha is.

He said that many of us aspire to become a Buddha, but if we do not understand the path, we cannot reach the goal. We may have Buddha nature, but we need to understand emptiness to realize it. We may be full of negative emotions to start with, but we can free ourselves of them. Where there is knowledge there is no place for blind faith. We cannot practise the Dharma on the basis of faith alone. We need not only knowledge, but understanding too.

We study the Three Collections of Scripture to learn about the three trainings in ethics, concentration and wisdom. Once we have studied we need to gain experience through practice. It's not enough to say I've read or I've heard that it's good if you practise the Three Trainings. You need to be able to teach on the basis of your own experience. Because of our emphasis on study, people can get carried away by debate without giving much thought to practice. This is why I have requested the monasteries to establish places where monks can go into retreat. If we study the Perfection of Wisdom texts we'll find in them exhortations to engage in practice.

“The Dharma is at a critical juncture. You might think that it would be good to spend the rest of your life as a hermit, but we also need qualified people to teach others. Once you complete your studies we need some of you nuns to teach. Until now you have relied on monks to teach you, but in future it will be very important that there are also nuns to teach nuns. More than that, we also need nuns to teach in our secular schools. In the past, because they had not studied themselves, parents were unable to teach their children the Dharma. Therefore, I request you, after your studies consider going into retreat, and after that resolve to teach others. That's all - thank you.”

His Holiness posed for photographs with groups of nuns and with all of them together before returning to his residence.

Namasté

Je vous invite à suivre

"Voyages et Abstraits"

l'information bouddhiste, pas de commentaire sur ce blog, seuls vos réactions sur g+ et partages sur

Blogger, g+, twitter, facebook et Pinterest.

Merci à vous chers lecteurs.

Contact: chc.fineart@gmail.com